Peer Coaching: An Emerging Approach within Organisational L&D Strategies

peer coaching

Peer Coaching: An Emerging Approach within Organisational L&D Strategies

In the constantly evolving workplace, fostering a culture of continuous learning and development is a primary concern for many organisations. 

The field of Learning & Development (L&D) has long leveraged interventions such as formal training programmes, mentorship initiatives, e-learning platforms, management development schemes and, of course, coaching to nurture and grow the skills within an organisation. Each of these approaches offers valuable opportunities for professional development, catering to different learning needs and styles.

However, a greater focus on self-efficacy and autonomy within the workforce, along with the need to find more economic solutions to development is leading to the emergence of peer coaching – a novel approach to development and problem solving that offers a missing piece in the L&D puzzle.

Peer coaching allows employees to support each other’s learning journey, enhancing skills, fostering communication, and building a more collaborative workplace culture. T

his reciprocal, egalitarian method of mutual coaching recognises that every individual, regardless of their position, has valuable knowledge and skills to share. As such, it complements traditional L&D interventions by introducing an element of democratic, shared learning that enriches the overall learning ecosystem.

Understanding Peer Coaching

Emerging from the broader landscape of coaching, peer coaching is a dynamic, reciprocal process where two or more individuals engage in a cooperative dialogue to share knowledge, learn together, and address work-related challenges. It is not bound by hierarchies and fosters a learning culture that values diversity of thought and perspective.

Peer coaching can take many forms, depending on the specific goals and context of the organisation. It might involve job-role specific coaching, where peers in similar roles coach each other, or it could be more diverse, with individuals from different departments or levels providing coaching.

Compared to more traditional coaching models, which involve trained coaches holding a distinct role, peer coaching offers a more fully-egalitarian approach in which no one person within the peer-coaching is recognised as holding a coaching role. It recognises that every individual, regardless of their position, has valuable knowledge and skills to share and each may take the role of the coach.

It may be usefully compared to something like collaborative learning groups in which individuals create a peer-learning space that is not facilitated by any single person, other than perhaps temporarily by agreement of the group.

Benefits of Peer Coaching:

The benefits of peer coaching are extensive. 

Firstly, it encourages mutual learning and skill development. By sharing knowledge and experiences, peers can help each other develop new skills, solve problems more effectively, and gain fresh perspectives.

Enhanced communication and collaboration is another significant benefit. Peer coaching promotes regular, meaningful dialogue between employees, thereby improving relationships and teamwork. It encourages open discussion, feedback, and the sharing of ideas, fostering a culture of transparency and mutual respect.

Furthermore, peer coaching serves as a continuous feedback mechanism, providing individuals with timely, actionable feedback on their performance. This ongoing process helps employees identify areas of improvement, develop action plans, and track their progress over time.

Limitations and Risks of Peer Coaching:

Despite its benefits, peer coaching also has potential limitations and challenges. 

One of the primary challenges is its dependence on the interpersonal dynamics between peers. The success of peer coaching hinges on the quality of the relationship between the participants, requiring trust, respect, and open-mindedness.

There is also a potential for conflict and misunderstandings. Without the appropriate skills or training, peer coaching sessions can devolve into personal critiques or unproductive debates. Additionally, the scope and depth of coaching can be limited, as peers may lack the expertise or perspective that a more experienced coach might provide.

Some specific risks include:

Inadequate or Misguided Coaching: 

Not every employee is naturally equipped with the skills needed to be an effective coach. Peer coaching requires abilities such as active listening, offering constructive feedback, and asking open-ended, insightful questions. If not appropriately trained, peers may provide misguided or counterproductive advice, leading to confusion and potentially harming professional growth and performance.

Overstepping Boundaries: 

As peers engage in a coaching relationship, there is a risk of overstepping professional or personal boundaries. These blurred lines could lead to uncomfortable situations, or even potential conflicts and disagreements, disrupting the workplace environment and relationships.

Misuse of Information: 

Peer coaching involves sharing personal experiences and insights. If confidentiality is not maintained, there is a risk that sensitive information could be misused or shared inappropriately. Such breaches could significantly harm trust and the overall work environment.


There is a risk of developing an over-reliance on peer coaching, to the detriment of individual initiative and self-guided learning. While peer coaching can provide valuable perspectives and support, it is essential that it does not undermine an individual’s ability to think critically and solve problems independently.

Unhealthy Competition: 

In an environment where peers also serve as evaluators, there can be a risk of fostering unhealthy competition. If not managed properly, this could negatively impact collaboration and team dynamics.

Overlooking the Need for Expert Coaching: 

While peers can offer valuable insights from their experience, they may lack the broader perspective or expertise that a professional coach could provide. There’s a risk of neglecting the need for expert coaching, which can address deeper behavioural or organisational issues that peers may not be equipped to handle.

Mitigating these risks requires careful planning, training, and monitoring of the peer coaching process. Guidelines should be established around confidentiality and professional boundaries, and the role of peer coaching should be clearly defined within the broader coaching strategy. 

Regular feedback and evaluation will ensure that any issues are promptly identified and addressed, maintaining the efficacy and integrity of the peer coaching programme.

Training Requirements for Effective Peer Coaching:

Implementing peer coaching effectively requires investment in training. 

Key coaching skills, such as active listening, asking insightful questions, providing constructive feedback, and facilitating reflective thinking, need to be developed. 

Organisations can utilise various training programmes and methods, including workshops, online courses, or bringing in an external coaching expert. 

Additionally, an assessment and feedback process should be established to monitor the effectiveness of peer coaches and provide them with feedback on their coaching skills. This would allow for continuous learning and skill enhancement, ensuring the effectiveness and sustainability of the peer coaching programme.

Incorporating Peer Coaching into a Broader Coaching Strategy:

While peer coaching provides significant benefits, it should not be viewed as a replacement for other coaching models. Instead, it should be seen as a complementary approach, enriching the overall coaching offering within an organisation’s L&D strategy.

However, incorporating peer coaching into a broader coaching strategy requires careful planning. 

Integrating peer coaching with other models such as mentoring, professional coaching, and training programmes can provide a more holistic learning and development approach. 

A comprehensive coaching strategy would consider the unique needs, goals, and contexts of the organisation and its employees, deciding where and when different coaching methods are most appropriate.


In conclusion, peer coaching can be a powerful tool for learning and development. 

Despite some challenges, with the right training and implementation, it can greatly enhance communication, collaboration, and continuous learning within an organisation. 

As part of a broader coaching strategy, it offers a dynamic, reciprocal, and democratic approach to learning, building an organisational culture that values and fosters continuous development.

In a rapidly evolving work environment, strategies such as peer coaching could play an increasingly important role in enabling organisations to stay competitive, innovative, and responsive to change. 

As we move forward, it will be fascinating to see how peer coaching continues to evolve and shape the learning and development landscape.

Author Details
Seong Rhee is a professional researcher on coaching and the coaching profession. Her interests lie in executive and corporate coaching and the impact of coaching in the workplace.
Seong Rhee

Seong Rhee is a professional researcher on coaching and the coaching profession. Her interests lie in executive and corporate coaching and the impact of coaching in the workplace.

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